1935, the Nuremberg Laws were enacted. Cambridge; London: Harvard University Press. In March 1939, Hitler demanded the return of the Free City of Danzig and the Polish Corridor, a strip of land that separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany. The book counted the Holy Roman Empire (9621806) as the first Reich and the German Empire (18711918) as the second. Such far-right armed groups were common in Bavaria, and were tolerated by the sympathetic far-right state government of Gustav Ritter von Kahr. Poor living conditions led to high rates of sickness, injury, and death, as well as sabotage and criminal activity.